Here you'll find new evidence and guidance from various sources across a variety of conditions of relevance to different audiences.

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Identifying Personal Strengths to Help Patients Manage Chronic Illness

Most current approaches to patient care are focused on patients’ symptoms, limitations, and weaknesses. This approach can guide medical treatment, but it does not unleash the transformative power of people’s positive personal strengths that can help patients to live a fulfilling life despite having multiple chronic illnesses. A growing body of research points to the potential of bringing patient-identified personal strengths (PIPS) into illness management to achieve better patient-centered outcomes.

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Linking Community-Based Organizations with Each Other, and with Hospitals and Health Clinics, to Help Connect Patients with the Services They Need

The residents of urban centers suffer from many health and social problems. In East Baltimore (EB), many barriers frustrate residents’ aspirations to achieve health and well-being. Community-based organizations (CBO) can help but reach only a fraction of potential clients. Hospitals, providers, and community members often are unaware of available medical and community-based services. Community engagement can improve understanding and use of healthcare services, thereby improving patient outcomes.

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Can Coping-Skills Training Help Patients Who Have Received Intensive Hospital Care to Cope with Depression and Anxiety?

Why is this important? Nearly 800,000 Americans receive mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory failure in the intensive care unit (ICU) each year. Afterward, more than 60% of both patients and their family caregivers suffer from psychological distress, such as depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for longer than a year after discharge. Patients and families told us that they need help with their distress because it worsens their quality of life.

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Can People Who Have Experience with Serious Mental Illness Help Peers Manage Their Health Care?

The mortality rate among people with serious mental illness (SMI) is two to three times that of the general population (DeHert et al., 2011), meaning that those with a serious mental illness die, on average, 25 years earlier than those without a SMI (Parks et al., 2006). There is evidence that these deaths are largely attributed to preventable medical conditions, many of which are more common in the SMI population.

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Is a Patient Navigation Program More Helpful than a Referral Program for Reducing Depression and Improving Quality of Life among Women Living in Neighborhoods with Few Resources?

Background: Socioeconomically disadvantaged (SD) women are at elevated risk for depression and poor treatment engagement and outcomes. Many use obstetric/gynecology (OB/GYN) practices as their primary resource for physical and mental health care. Yet their depression most often goes unrecognized and unaddressed within OB/GYN, and, when addressed, engagement and outcomes are poor. Patients at the greatest risk include those with multiple biomedical and psychosocial problems, trauma exposure, healthcare barriers, and experiencing a lack of empowerment over one’s own health.

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Working with Bilingual Community Health Worker Promotoras to Improve Depression and Self-Care among Latino Patients with Long-Term Health Problems

Major depression, plus other chronic illness such as diabetes, coronary heart disease and heart failure is common among low-income, culturally diverse safety net care patients. Unfortunately, many of these patients are uncomfortable about either asking their doctor questions about their illness and treatment options and their illness self-care or informing their doctors about their treatment preferences.

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Pilot Project: Predicting Who Will Respond Best to Medical Treatments

Recent evidence shows that the results of randomized clinical trials might not apply to individual patients in a straightforward way, even to those within the trial. While randomization ensures the comparability of treatment groups overall, there remain important differences between individuals in each treatment group that can dramatically affect the likelihood of benefiting from or being harmed by a therapy. Averaging effects across such different patients can give misleading results to physicians who care for individual, not average, patients.

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Helping Adults with Serious Mental Illness Improve Their Health and Wellness

This research project is in progress. PCORI will post the research findings on this page within 90 days after the results are final. What is the research about? Serious mental illness such as depression, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia can make it hard for a person to get the health care they need, and their health problems may not be diagnosed or may get worse.

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PCORI Helps Patients Make Treatment Decisions

Watch this video of a prostate cancer survivor talk about helping patients make treatment decisions

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Does Daily Self-Monitoring of Blood Sugar Levels Improve Blood Sugar Control and Quality of Life for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Who Do Not Use Insulin?

For the nearly 75% of patients living with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) who do not use insulin, decisions regarding self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is unclear. SMBG testing is a resource-intensive activity without firmly established patient benefits. While SMBG holds great promise for sparking favorable behavioral change, the potential for no benefit or even patient harm must be acknowledged. Possible negative effects on patient quality of life must be more closely examined along with the speculative benefits of SMBG in non-insulin–treated T2DM.